Galle, an ancient port located in the southwestern tip, is one of the best sightseeing spots in Sri Lanka. It is believed that the port was a center of trade relations with ancient Rome and Greece. Until the 16th century, the port was known as Gimhathiththa. When the Portuguese captured the port in the 16th century they renamed it, Point de Galle. The site is renowned for the Portuguese architecture. The landmarks like Galle Temple, Galle Fort are great tourist attractions in Sri Lanka. The Dutch captured the port from the Portuguese in 1640. They built the present fort in 1663, fortifying it with the granite wall. Dutch architecture is further visible in many monuments like the Reformed Church of Galle. Considering its cultural and historical significance, Galle was proclaimed as a World Heritage Center by UNESCO.
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